Invasive Listing Sources: Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia Non-Native Or you can grow a named variety of L. spicata called 'Silver Dragon,' with white striped leaves, which supposedly doesn't spread as rapidly. Attempting to remove by digging guarantees months (if not years) of frustration, as even the smallest pieces of remaining runners re-sprout as sure as death and taxes. Liriope spicata spreads rapidly by underground stems (rhizomes) and will cover a wide area. These evergreen perennials make attractive additions to gardens used along borders or walkways and as lush green ground covers. Only downside is cleaning up after trimming it back. Lilyturf is a great choice for problem sites, such as the dry shade under a tree canopy. This little guy is a spreader too, and I will treat it just like Monkey Grass, except it will probably never get mowed. even if occasional maintenance is needed to thin out the creepers, it is a hearty drought resistant plant for Texas landscapes. This plant spreads quickly by rhizomes and can invade adjacent turf areas or other ground cover beds. Plants don’t grow as thick as many varieties. Image 5546546 is of anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp. ) The only way to truely get rid o... read moref it is to dig it out of the ground. And there is always someone who will take your extras. Garden books say it is overused, but I think this plant is wonderful. ‘Franklin Mint’ grows around 15 inches tall producing light lavender flowers and green foliage. The showy plumes last from mid summer to fall. Thin green leaves and attractive, violet-blue flowers give this plant its charm, although flowers are not as showy as those ofLiriope muscari (Fig. ‘Silver Dragon’ grows around 16 inches tall producing lavender flowers against thin green and white-striped foliage. According to Missouri Botanical Garden, Liriope muscari isn’t bothered by deer or rabbit damage and tolerates air pollution and drought conditions, making it a useful addition in urban gardens or in xeriscaping. I've grown both kinds, and I personally like the s... read morepreading kind better, especially the white flowered ones. Invasive: Where is this species invasive in the US? There is a report of it escaping cultivation into the woods in Maryland, becoming invasive. The pots get several hours a day of full sun in summer. Attempting to remove by digging guarantees months (if not years) of frustration, as even Summary Liriope spicata is a perennial mat-forming groundcover that is best used in shady areas, erosion-prone sites, or areas It spreads indefinitely and can be invasive in the wrong location. If one must use it, use it in a small area surrounded by strong concrete pavement. The less invasive Liriope muscari is a clumping variety that is better behaved. Although they are similar in their cultural requirements, there are differences between the two when it comes to their habits of growth. Here are some of Liriope muscari cultivars and their characteristics: ‘Variegata’ produces green foliage striped in yellow or white, with plants growing about 15 inches tall. This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. Grows in a bucket of water! Its dense tufts of almost-evergreen, broadly grassy leaves are often striped. Grows 89 inches high. It stays green year-round in many climates, produces pretty blue or white flowers, and is about as tough a plant as you'll hope to meet. The less invasive Liriope muscari is a clumping variety that is better behaved. This "spreading" liriope has white flowers, the clumping varieties have purple flowers. Variegated leaves and attractive, violet-blue flowers give this plant its charm (Fig. Dense ground cover that spreads widely by underground stems; can be invasive. Liriope, commonly known as “monkey grass” or “creeping lilyturf” is a grass like plant from Asia which is often used as a ground cover or border plant. Makes a great border. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping, By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets), From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse, Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds, Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible. Because of its rapid spread, L. spicata is not suitable for an edging but is excellent for groundcover. Creeping lilyturf remains evergreen for a shorter period of time gradually becoming more yellow as winter approaches. Most liriopes grow to a height between 10 and 18 inches. Liriope muscari, commonly called lilyturf or blue lily turf, is a tufted, tuberous-rooted, grass-like perennial which typically grows 12-18" tall and features clumps of strap-like, arching, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1" … Lilyturf is very easy to grow and has few pest or disease problems, other than slugs and snails. It is evergreen, but often becomes browned later during strong or less snow covered winters. . Some books say L. spicata is invasive, so if that bothers you, you can just grow any of the 9 or so varieties of L. muscari, the other Liriope, which clumps, staying where it is put. They are in heavy shade with water every other week in summer. Used often as a groundcover or an edging plant, liriope is popular for good reason. Creeping lilyturf is a 6- to 10-inch-tall evergreen perennial that is useful in the landscape as a ground cover. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. 'Royal Purple' plants grow around 15 inches tall producing flower spikes filled with dark purple blooms. Blue lilyturf, Liriope, bears lavender- or purple-blue, thickly clustered flower spikes in fall, followed by blackberries. Positive On Aug 4, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote: Love this plant, and If one must use it, use it in a small area surrounded by strong concrete pavement. She’s covered numerous DIY home topics and has hundreds of articles published on gardening topics. (I have it bordering gravel and prefer not ot mow it lest I get socked with a rock.). Compared to Liriope muscari, Liriope spicata produces glossy green, arching leaves that are around 1/4 inch wide. To assure problem-free performance, grow both types of liriope in average soils that drain well. Liriope spicata, commonly called creeping lilyturf, is native to China and Vietnam and, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension, can quickly spread throughout the planting site. It is invasive to North America and considered a threat to native wildlife. All require the same cultural conditions for healthy growth. This plant grows well in USDA zones six through 10, and can be found in some garden stores in regions in this zone. One of the nice things about the plant is that it is evergreen and will add interest in your garden all year long. Is Pulmonaria Lungwort Poisonous to Cats? Light Lilyturf A wonderful border plant. It should be cut or mowed to the ground in early spring to get rid of old growth, though deer often do a big favor and do this. Planting, Care & Design of Lilyturf Oddly enough, in spite of the common names, it is neither a grass or a lily. It is resistant to herbicides. It is a perennial with grass-like evergreen foliage and lilac-purple flowers which produce single-seeded berries on a spike in the fall. ‘Variegata’ is a vibrant, grass-like plant with green foliage, striped with cream. Some ornamental grasses can become invasive, crowding out native and cultivated plants. Both liriope varieties prefer the same cultural conditions for healthy and robust growth. It will be interesting to see if they become as "invasive" as many of the comments indicate. Creeping Liriope and Big Blue Lilyturf Liriope, another genus commonly known as monkey grass, includes two species: creeping liriope (Liriope spicata) and big blue lilyturf (Liriope muscari).Liriope has a very similar growth habit and slow growth rate to black mondo grass, but it's a slightly taller plant. Here in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b, I have quite a bit of shade, so I am growing a look-alike called Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon japonicus) which looks like a shorter, darker version of Monkey Grass. It forms a dense, uniform cover, unlike Liriope muscari, which forms clumps until well established several years after planting. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service in cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive … Her work appears in SpaceCoast Living magazine, Atlanta Constitution Journal, SFGate Home Guides, 1-800-Flowers and many more. But my Aunt always has people wanting her extras--they cart them away in big clumps in cardboard boxes, and the azaleas, camellias, and cast iron plant are then safe from Monkey Grass invasion for another few years. Lilyturf Liriope Previously known as: Liriope exiliflora Liriope gigantea Phonetic Spelling lih-RYE-oh-pee mus-KAY-ree This plant has low severity poison characteristics. This plant spreads slowly by rhizomes and forms thick tubers that look like small potatoes. However, in hardwood forest systems where creeping lilyturf is primarily invasive, their utility may be limited due to potential nontarget damage. Commonly called big blue lilyturf, Liriope muscari is native to areas of China, Japan and Taiwan and doesn’t tend to spread aggressively like Liriope spicata. Liriope muscari generally grows in a clump form and will spread to about 12 to 18 inches wide. I think every garden needs to have some carefree plants like these! The 8- to 20-inch-long, grass-like leaves have yellow stripes on their outer margins and arise from a central crown. On Nov 5, 2003, INJUNSUN from Knoxville, TN wrote: It is spreading in East Tennessee (Knoxville vicinity) as a low-priority invasive escape. It is by James H. Miller at USDA Forest Service. The two most commonly utilized liriope varieties are Liriope muscari (USDA zones 5 through 10) and Liriope spicata (USDA zones 4 through 10). It starts off as a cute clump, but eventually becomes a turf-like messy plant. Or you can grow a named variety of L. spicata called 'Silver Dragon,' with white striped leaves, which supposedly doesn't spread as rapidly. Liriope spicata: Known as "Creeping Lilyturf," it has narrower leaves and smaller, lighter-hued flowers. Deep green, grasslike leaves are only inches wide. It is so strong it invades and breaks through asphalt edges of driveways and paths. According to Missouri Botanical Garden and similar to Liriope muscari, this liriope isn’t bothered by rabbits or deer and also tolerates drought and air pollution. Whatever variety of liriope you choose to use, it's sure to add a lush green effect to your garden, whether in a border in a flower bed, along a walkway or as a luxurious groundcover. It gets a leaf spot disease that is not fatal. Sign up for a free trial and get access to ALL our regional content, plus the rest of the member-only content library. Variegated Lilyturf perennials – also known as Liriope Muscari – have earned my respect for their easy care, being practically maintenance free! preading kind better, especially the white flowered ones. Plants form into dense, grass-like clumps filled with arching, 1-inch wide, glossy green, strap-like leaves that grow up to 1.5 feet tall with a spread of around 1 foot. Grows under a maple tree. Grows in solid clay. Unlike the taller flower spikes on Liriope muscari, the erect flower spikes of this plant are composed of white or lavender blooms in summer that typically hide among Liriope spicata’s foliage. However, L. spicata can be an aggressively invasive plant, so watch it to prevent it from naturalizing out of your yard. Spring is the best time to start new plants or transplants, when the plant is … Liriope spicata 'Silver Dragon' is an evergreen groundcover with dark green, narrow, grass-like foliage highlighted by silvery-white vertical stripes. On Mar 15, 2006, Gretabooski from Austin, TX wrote: Excellent ground cover with great color when it blooms. Ornamental Grasses are low maintenance and grow well in most soil types. Best of all, no serious diseases or pests are problematic to either plant, although slugs and snails can sometime be a bother. Foliage is not as upright as that of Liriope muscari. ‘Silver Sunproof’ tolerates sun better than most of the variegated cultivars, sporting yellow and white-striped foliage, with plants growing 15 inches tall. I'm sure your neighbors will appreciate such restraint as well. With a big feeder ... read more, Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com. The grass-like clumps grow around 15 inches tall with a spread of 2 feet. Pale lilac to white Even seemingly dead rhizomes that have sat unearthed for weeks in the open sun have a bad habit of springing to life. Creeping Lily-turf is the hardiest species of Liriope, probably the best choice for Northern climates. Drought tolerant and non-invasive. Image 1539010 is of lilyturf (Liriope spp. ) Consider this plant as if you were considering getting a huge tattoo, as removal is no less trivial. Both plants are drought-tolerant once established, but it’s best to regularly water newly planted transplants until they establish themselves in the planting site, about eight weeks. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: On Feb 26, 2015, poeciliopsis from Phoenix, AZ wrote: Central Phoenix -- I have been growing Liriope spicata (Silver Dragon) successfully in pots since 2004. But I find L. muscari to be quite expensive in garden centers, especially when you need 50 or 60 of them for a border. They look beautiful, adding color, height, and movement to your garden. If you garden in southeastern states in the US, beware that L. spicata may be considered an invasive plant (confine it with a boundary to keep it from overtaking over plants). I'm sure your neighbors will appreciate such restraint as well. Variegated lilyturf grows as a clump forming ground cover, It has tuberous roots and spreads easily to cover the base of your garden. The spent blooms form into blackish berries. Citation Download Citation Stephen F. Enloe , Glenn Wehtje , Charles H. Gilliam , and Kirk T. Adams "Creeping Lilyturf ( Liriope spicata ) Control with Postemergent-Applied Herbicides," Natural Areas Journal 35(4), 574-580, (1 October 2015). On Jan 21, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: This spreading groundcover from East Asia never stops spreading and does become Lilyturf. On Aug 30, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote: Every house I've ever lived in in the South, and all my relatives' houses, have had some variant of this plant in the yard. On Oct 30, 2014, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote: This plant reminds me of the title of a Steven Seagal action film - "Hard to Kill". Commonly called big blue lilyturf, Liriope muscari is native to areas of China, Japan and Taiwan and doesn’t tend to spread aggressively like Liriope spicata. Prefers moist, fertile soils in part shade. My grandparent's house in South Georgia, where my 97 year old Aunt now lives, has had this plant in the yard for over 50 years. The small, purple flowers of variegated lilyturf occur in terminal racemes that sit atop an 8- to 1… Joyce Starr has been a professional writer and editor for over 15 years, specializing in the topics of horticulture and home improvement. Missouri Botanical Garden: Liriope muscari, Missouri Botanical Garden: Liriope spicata, The Difference Between Porcupine Grass & Zebra Grass. Variegated lilyturf is a 6- to 12-inch-tall, herbaceous perennial that is useful in the landscape as a ground cover and accent plant. For 20 years, she’s owned a garden center and landscaping/consulting business and holds numerous horticulture certificates. 22 members have or want this plant for trade. It makes an attractive, easily kept, evergreen border for flower beds that can be mowed under, and the spreading habit of L. spicata just gives you more plants for more borders. Plants form a dense, spreading mound of grassy, dark-green foliage, changing to … f it is to dig it out of the ground. Once established, this particularly invasive variety of Liriope seems virtually impossible to eradicate without generous servings of metsulfuron. 1). 1). Garden locations Culture Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. I like to alternate the clumps with the plain green variety of monkey grass as a border around my garden beds. Cultivars include 'Silver Dragon,' which features slender Liriope spicata, (Creeping Lilyturf), found in China and Vietnam, is rhizomatous and can be invasive. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. However, both plants prefer a more fertile soil when grown in shade. plant(s). I've seen it so many times invade around shorter plants so that it looks so messy or it covers and hides decorative gravel. sign on lilyturf. Karl Foerster grows 1.5-2' tall with flower spikes up to 6,' making a lovely vertical impact to a garden. It does well with lots of water (every-other-day) but they get a lot of brown leaf ends in sun. My advice is unless you are aggressively seeking to control erosion of a slope, this weed should be avoided like the plague for ornamental applicati... read moreons. However, Liriope spicata tolerates a bit colder conditions than Liriope muscari, as it’s hardy in USDA zone 4, whereas Liriope muscari is hardy down to only USDA zone 5. ons. It’s sure to add appeal for years to come. The liriope has a slow growth rate, expanding by underground short stolons. Liriope spicata, also known as creeping lilyturf or monkeygrass, is a running form of liriope that can become a problem plant. I recently put 3 plants into the ground in areas I have had difficulty getting anything to grow. I prefer it to the clumping version just due to the fact that I need it to spread. On Nov 6, 2003, patp from Summerville, SC (Zone 8a) wrote: Variegated Liriope is much easier to manage (contain) than Monkey Grass and is more optically appealing to me. Every year, in early Spring, the yard man just mows the Monkey Grass borders with his lawnmower, just as the new shoots are emerging, but before they are large enough to get cut, to get rid of any unsightly brown and yellow leaves left over from the winter. Both types of liriope have cultivars that differ in size, flowers and foliage color, with Liriope muscari offering the biggest selection. On Oct 7, 2009, u4icmusic from Chattanooga, TN wrote: The description on this plant is incorrect. In summer, eye-catching flower spikes develop, filled with small lavender flowers that eventually form into black berries. Pale purple flowers are followed by whitish green berries. It is Some of the species in this genus are invasive, so it is important to be aware of which species is being purchased, especially if Liriope is being installed in an area where a spreading invasive could threaten other plantings. The regularly mowed, runner-type, centipede grass lawn keeps the Monkey Grass in check on the lawn side, but the running offshoots do have to be dug out of the flower beds every few years. On Apr 14, 2005, Magwar from Royston, GA (Zone 7b) wrote: I am growing this along a erosion line in my back yard, the creeping lily turf is doing wonderful. It is by David L. Clement at University of Maryland. Although both liriope varieties tolerate growing in full sun to shade, the plants produce thicker growth when situated in a sunnier location. The Big Blue LilyTurf, or Liriope, is a grass-like perennial ground cover plant that forms dense clumps of slender, strap-like dark green leaves, reaching around 18 inches tall. It thrives in wet soil but will tolerate dry, so dry areas are not deal-breakers! Common names in English include big blue lilyturf, lilyturf, border grass, and monkey grass. Still, I can fully appreciate the sentimental value that Monkey Grass might impart. Therefore, this liriope may be … These aggressive growth habits mean that it doesn’t work well as an edging plant. If Monkey Grass roots become entwined with the roots of other plants, it's almost impossible to eradicate. Creeping Lilyturf is an evergreen groundcover that is ideal for shady sites and resembles turfgrass. Once established, this particularly invasive variety of Liriope seems virtually impossible to eradicate without generous servings of metsulfuron. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C.
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